Materials Processing
Design and analysis of equipment and process involved with processing of materials from one phase to another, thermo-fluido-chemical reactions, alloying, and thermo-mechanical deformation. Examples include solidification, crystal growth from melt, solution, and vapor, physical and chemical vapor transport, particle nucleation and growth, metal drawing, and sintering.

Biodmedical Devices
Design and performance analysis of biomedical devices as determined by fluid mechanics, heat transfer, elastic and inelastic deformations in these devices, and interactions of these phenomena with the human body . Examples include biopsy devices, surgery fluid delivery systems, artificial teeth and teeth implants, separation centrifuges, micro-surgery and laparoscopy devices.

Electronic and Photonic Materials
Equipment and processes for the production of electronic and photonic materials, as well as processing of wafers, devices and systems. Examples include crystal growth of elemental (Silicon and Germanium) and compound semiconductors (III-V, II-VI, WBG), rapid thermal processing, die bonding, epitaxy reactors and processes, ozone generators, and reflow ovens.

Biological Systems
Fluid mechanics, heat transfer, and species transport in biological systems with the objective of quantifying their behavior within the framework of engineering sciences. Examples include fluid mechanics of the human ear, human heart, and the human cardiovascular system.

Thermal Management
Removal and disposal of waste heat generated in electronic and photonic devices and systems, especially in very high heat flux systems ( >100 W/sq. cm.). Examples include cooling of high power electronic chips, RF chips and MMIC devices, solid state laser slabs, and diode lasers.

Industrial Equipment
Heat transfer, fluid mechanics, stresses, and vibrations in industrial equipment. Examples include, paper drying rollers, centrifuge balancing, stirring electro-magnet, high temperature furnaces, and annealing equipment.Micro-Systems Thermo-fluids, thermo-chemistry, deformation, and vibration analysis of devices with features in the range of 1-100s of microns. Examples include microjet impingement for high heat flux cooling, micro-reactors, micro fluid delivery systems, and ultra compact heat exchangers